Dr. Jocelyn Thorpe, Women’s and Gender Studies ($3,000)
Conversations Toward Reconciliation
Dr. Thorpe will work with University of Manitoba students and the 4Rs Youth Movement that brings together Indigenous and non-Indigenous young people in order to share stories and perspectives and to work toward a future in which mutual respect between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples is foundational. The group is developing a toolkit that can be adapted to different locations where young people come together to reconcile/decolonize their relationships. A University of Manitoba workshop will test and help refine the toolkit.
What Does Reconciliation Mean to New Canadians Post Truth and Reconciliation Commission?
The objectives of this pilot study were to: determine how new Canadians understand reconciliation with Aboriginal peoples subsequent to the release of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada report, in order to inform how to move forward with reconciliation efforts; and to articulate examples of reconciliation actions that may be taken to enhance mutual respect and harmony between Aboriginal people and new Canadians. Findings will be submitted for publication in the second book in the Perceptions on Truth and Reconciliation series edited by the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation.
Dr. Jerome Cranston, Education ($2,000)
Schooling for Social Change in the Shadow of Intractable Conflict
Cranston will interview diaspora teachers who work in schools in refugee and/or resettlement camps in Nepal (Bhutanese refugees) and Thailand (refugees who fled Myanmar). The goals of the research study are to: determine what the concept of peace means to these teachers, describe the conceptual models of peace education these teachers use and explain how teachers in refugee camps employ a pedagogy for peace that involves and engages diaspora refugee youth.
Examining the outcomes of the 2014 Summer Institute: The fourth R: A global perspective on teaching and leading human rights education
The summer institute was designed as a collaborative venture between two University of Manitoba Education professors (Jerome Cranston and Melanie Janzen) and the Canadian Museum for Human Rights. The institute drew extensively from experts from various academic disciplines and traditions outside of Education to examine the theories, topics and issues in relation to human rights education, particularly within the context of the establishment of the CMHR. This study examined the effects and effectiveness of the summer institute from the perspectives of the students who participated in the course, the experts who were invited to present on a range of human rights topics and issues, and the instructors who co-ordinated and co-taught the institute courses.
Prof. Brenda Gunn, Law ($2,300)
Members of an expert working group formed in response to gaps in the Brian Sinclair inquest worked on a preliminary research report drawing on existing research to analyze systemic discrimination against Aboriginal people in the health-care system. They have developed recommendations to address issues not covered in the inquest report.
Prof. Cathy Rocke, Social Work ($1,879)
Intergroup Dialogue: Paths to Reconciliation
Intergroup dialogue is a way to decrease conflict and create peace between different identity groups. Intergroup dialogues typically include small groups of individuals evenly split between two different social identities that meet over a sustained period of time and are co-facilitated by trained individuals who represent those same identities. In 2014, CHRR supported the development of an intergroup dialogue curriculum, modelled on a well-established U.S. curriculum, that reflected the history of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal relations within Canada. This curriculum was used successfully in an 2015 intergroup dialogue between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal undergraduate students. The curriculum will be used again in an intergroup dialogue scheduled for fall 2016. Research on the efficacy of the intergroup dialogue within a Canadian campus setting utilizing this curriculum is ongoing.
Prof. Aimée Craft, Law ($3,951)
Action Framework on Murdered and Missing Women
This project aims to put families first in developing an Indigenous framework for action on the issue of murdered and missing Indigenous women and girls. Craft is collaborating with Diane Kelly, executive director of Ma Ma Wi Chi Itata and former Grand Chief of Treaty 3. Following an endorsement of the approach by the Assembly of First Nations Chiefs in Assembly, the project will move to the next phase of development. Craft and Kelly will work collaboratively with the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs, Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak and the Southern Chiefs Organization on the development of an Indigenous legal framework of inquiry.
Dr. Regine King, Social Work ($8,410)
Documenting Women’s Rights in Rwanda: A Pilot Study
Gender-based inequalities remain a major human rights issue in low-income countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Nowhere is this more evident than Rwanda, where the 1994 genocide left many women destitute and physically and emotionally wounded or disabled. Although Rwanda has made efforts to establish laws and policies to advance women’s rights and has set up strategies for gender-mainstreaming, there is a lack of knowledge on the ways in which local communities are addressing women’s rights.
This project will document the implementation of women’s human rights in two communities (rural and urban) in the Southern Province of Rwanda. The CHRR grant will cover travel costs and accommodation and pay two research assistants who will help with data collection and transcription. This project will contribute to the writing of a larger grant application to: 1) develop evidence-based interventions to challenge barriers preventing women from exercising equal rights, and 2) link policies and practices that promote women’s rights and empowerment at economic, social, and political levels. Other outcomes will include a peer-reviewed manuscript on the community mapping method as well as a manuscript on the substantive study findings.
Dr. Diane Driedger, Disability Studies ($2,440)
Documenting the History of the DisAbled Women’s Network (DAWN) Canada, 1990 to the Present
This project documents the human rights struggles of women with disabilities through the DisAbled Women’s Network (DAWN)Canada, the only organization composed of and directed by women with various disabilities in Canada. The grant provided funds for Driedger to travel to archival sites in Montreal and Alberta and to meet with key informants. This project will contribute to the writing of a book on the history of DAWN and the issues of women with disabilities. Issues include attitudinal and physical barriers that block the full participation and equality of women with disabilities in every area of life: employment, relationships, having a family, access to buildings, and access to primary health care etc.
How People with Intellectual Disabilities Understand “Human Rights”
Human beings live in a world of contradictions. Nowhere is this more evident than in the area of human rights for people with intellectual disabilities. Despite numerous documents promoting their rights, the voices of people with intellectual disabilities themselves have been largely silent. The purpose of this project is to bring people with intellectual disabilities into the debate. This project will be the first step in better understanding the perspectives of people with intellectual disabilities on the issue of what human rights mean to them and how they may or may not be exercised in everyday life.
Dr. Thomas Falkenberg, Faculty of Education ($1,900)
This research study is part of the first phase of a larger research project aimed at developing and applying a research-informed and community-supported index of well-being for Canadian schools. The index will be designed to assess the well-being of students in terms of their experiences in schools and their education for living a flourishing and meaningful life. This initial research study aims to identify a link between well-being and human rights, in particular a possible link that makes a human rights perspective integral to assessing students’ well-being in schools. Using a Delphi study design, this research project brought together a panel of experts on human rights, and human rights of the child more specifically, to establish a relative consensus among the panelists on the role that human rights play in an adequate conceptualization of well-being in general and for students in particular.
Dr. Jerome Cranston, assistant professor, Faculty of Education ($2,400)
Documenting Human Rights in Education: The Barefoot Teachers Initiative
Centre for Human Rights Research startup funds supported the initial development of a series of short documentary films.Documenting Human Rights in Education: The Barefoot Teachers Initiative explores the non-traditional processes that are used to prepare “unqualified” adults to teach some of the world’s most disadvantaged learners. The film, shot in and around Kolkata, India, offered viewers the opportunity to develop a greater understanding of non-traditional pre-service teacher preparation. It will also become a catalyst for international and cross-cultural collaboration on discussing the right to an education by a qualified teacher, and examining potential solutions to the global challenges posed by preparing a teaching workforce for some of the most challenging of social conditions.
One of the films in the series was screened at the University Council for Educational Administration’s 2014 film festival in Washington.
Dr. Shawna Ferris, assistant professor, women’s and gender studies ($2,900)
This grant supported travel for a group consultation with the Vancouver-based Downtown Eastside Sex Workers United Against Violence Society to develop a creative and political vision for an edited collection to be published in 2018 on sex worker activism that will interest outdoor sex workers and include their concerns in a meaningful way. Ferris has already written the book Street Sex Work and Canadian Cities: Resisting a Dangerous Order (2015), with a forward by sex worker activist Amy Lebovitch.
Dr. Michelle Honeyford, assistant professor, language & literacy, Faculty of Education ($3,700)
Writing for Social Justice and Human Rights: Critical Conversations to Create Collaborative Writing Projects in Manitoba
This project will engage in coalitional literacy work with educators to: 1) identify interdisciplinary partners interested in collaborating to develop writing projects for/as social justice and human rights; and 2) facilitate an action research forum March 22, 2014, at Robson Hall for dialogue and planning. The research is guided by two key questions: What are the social justice and human rights issues that matter to us in our local and global communities and how can we create pedagogies that engage learners as democratic citizens in this work? What structures, networks and resources need to be developed to facilitate this process?
This project led to the establishment of a series of summer institutes for teachers.
Dr. LeAnne Petherick, assistant professor, Faculty of Kinesiology and Recreation Management ($700)
Learning from the Past, Planning for the Future: Developing Culturally Relevant Physical Education
The “fit” body has a history; a Canadian history that is part of a system of oppression and colonization. The historical significance of colonial practices of physical training changed people’s relationships with their bodies, communities and land. Using archival data, the focus of this project is to examine the impact of physical training on those who attended Indian residential schools and the role sport and physical competition, as a historical component of Indian residential schooling, played in shaping the lives of First Nations people.