This course examines the manner in which Canadian Law both hinders and promotes the economies of Indigenous communities. The goal of this course is to provide students with a basic understanding of legal issues that arise when Indigenous communities engage in economic activity, and to examine possible solutions to overcome those barriers. In light of this goal, this course will begin with a brief historical overview of economic development activities by Indigenous communities, which will include an examination of how law and government policy negatively impacted Indigenous communities’ ability to participate in economic activities from past to present. We will then re-familiarize ourselves with Aboriginal rights, the duty to consult and accommodate, and the Indian Act. We will also consider issues around Indian Act governance and how First Nations enter into contracts. The course will examine the issue of land tenure on reserve, the First Nations Lands Management Act, and urban reserves. We will also consider issues with respect to security and how the provisions of the Indian Act impact the seizing of assets. We will consider the issue of taxation under the Indian Act and its impact on economic development. We will also consider the issue of Impact Benefit Agreements and their relevance to resource development in Canada. We will also address unique government procurement laws and policies aimed at promoting Indigenous businesses.